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Telomeres: Nature’s Secret Weapon

Telomeres are the unsung heroes of our bodies, and may hold the key to unlocking the secrets behind ageing … Read moreTelomeres: Nature’s Secret Weapon
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Telomeres: Nature’s Secret Weapon

When the immune system is too incredible

A relatively popular topic in recent weeks has been that of the immune system. Today's entry develops these articles … Read moreWhen the immune system is too incredible
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When the immune system is too incredible

Group A Strep: the Flesh-Eating Bacteria Living in our Throats

Group A Streptococcus is a gram positive bacterium that resides in our nose, throat and skin. It can cause a … Read moreGroup A Strep: the Flesh-Eating Bacteria Living in our Throats
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Group A Strep: the Flesh-Eating Bacteria Living in our Throats

‘A new hope’- Recent medical breakthroughs that have changed the world

The miracles of science and mankind's fight to save lives. … Read more‘A new hope’- Recent medical breakthroughs that have changed the world
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‘A new hope’- Recent medical breakthroughs that have changed the world

Will Humanity Become Resistant to Cancer?

Peto’s Paradox is the observation that the incidence of cancer does not correlate to the number of cells present in ...
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/ Cancer, Medicine

The Cardiac Muscle and Pericarditis

As the circulatory pump of the human body, it is vital that the cardiac muscle has structures compatible with its ...
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/ Heart, Medicine

The Complications of Cryonics

Cryopreservation is the science of using extremely low temperatures to preserve living cells and tissues to keep them structurally intact ...
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/ Cryonics, Medicine

Ketamine: party drug or life saving antidepressant?

Depression affects more than 264 million people and is the leading cause of disability worldwide, according to WHO.[1] With the ...
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/ Drugs, Medicine

How are iPS cells changing our approaches to medicine?

Specialisation of cells underpins the effective functioning of the human body. Red blood cells need to be specialised for their ...
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/ Medicine, Stem Cells

Can Honey Cure Coughs and Colds?

There are many treatments already available for the common cold, but should we ditch these well-known cures and painkillers for ...
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/ Drugs, Honey, Medicine

The Fight Against Biodiversity

1Within the last 50 years wildlife populations have declined, on average, by 60%. Planet Earth once had an abundance of ...
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/ Biodiversity, Medicine

Dentophobia: An Insight Into the Aetiology and Coping Mechanisms Surrounding Dental Fear and Anxiety

More than 10 million adults in the UK have dental anxiety, with an estimated 6 million suffering from dental phobia.1 ...
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/ Fear, Medicine

A low-cost solution to clean drinking water in rural areas in the developing world- can it be done?

Approximately 15% of the world’s population, significantly in low-income developing countries, endure the issue of potable water. Innovations and research ...
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/ Medicine, Water

The Bawa-Garba Case: A Deeper Dive

Dr Hadiza Bawa-Garba was a junior doctor (ST6) on 18th February 2011 when Jack Adcock was admitted to hospital, with ...
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/ Ethics, Medicine

The permanent damage of the ‘crack baby’ epidemic

Neonatal Abstinence Syndrome is the terminology for the withdrawal symptoms that a baby may experience after absorbing drugs (including alcohol ...
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/ Drugs, Medicine

How Important are T-Cells for Fighting Covid-19?

Coronavirus has made up much of the headlines in the last year, killing so many across the world and infecting ...
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/ Covid-19, Immune System, Medicine

Healthcare in Germany – An Example to All?

The German healthcare system is one of Europe's oldest, dating back to the 1880s. It has been regarded for a ...
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/ Foreign Healthcare, Medicine

The Scio Clinic – a history of helping the heart

Metronomic consistency. Brute force. Vital organ. Three phrases that describe one of the most essential organs in our body - ...
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/ Heart, Medicine

How Does Loneliness Impact on Your Health?

Loneliness can feel heart-wrenching for many of us and impacts greatly on our mental health. Although loneliness may not seem ...
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/ Medicine, Mental Health

Gross Negligence Manslaughter in Medicine: The Bawa Garba Case

Dr Hadiza Bawa-Garba (Left), charged with manslaughter on the grounds of gross negligence of six-year old Jack Adcock (Right) Should ...
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/ Ethics, Medical Law, Medicine

Can microRNA cure hair loss?

Hair loss causes many people to lose self-confidence, but now a cure for hair loss could be found in microRNA ...
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/ Hair Loss, Medicine

Can Lithium Prevent Suicide?

A person commits suicide every 40 seconds. This is a staggering statistic, furthered even more by the fact that the ...
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/ Death, Medicine

Opioid Addiction: Willpower or Susceptibility?

More than ‘70,000 people died from drug overdoses in 2017, making it a leading cause of injury-related death in the ...
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/ Addiction, Brain, Drugs, Medicine

Can Marijuana Help Sickle Cell Patients?

Marijuana is a drug and a plant which is very controversial across the world. There are two sides to this ...
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/ Cannabis, Drugs, Medicine

Oral Cancer: The Silent Killer of Speech

Have you ever wondered if the diminutive mouth sore on your lips was a worrisome sign of something more lethal? ...
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/ Cancer, Medicine, Oral Health

Naegleria fowleri – the organism that eats you from within

Parasitic behaviour, by definition, is when organisms benefit from the deterioration of others - whether it be through extraction of ...
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/ Medicine, Pathogen

Drug Addiction – Chasing The High

Addiction is a brain disease commonly associated with mental illness, defined as 'a state in which an organism engages in ...
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/ Drugs, Medicine

Does Covid-19 Affect The Brain?

Covid-19 has made the news since the dawn of this year and has been on all of our minds ever ...
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/ Brain, Medicine

The Funeral Ritual that Led to an Epidemic

Kuru is a neurodegenerative disease: a member of the class of transmissible spongiform encephalopathy diseases. The disease was named ‘kuru’ ...
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Tears of Joy

Tears are a weird phenomenon. They serve a fundamental role in the human’s fight against disease. Their emotional function has ...
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Covid 19: The hope for a vaccine

Covid-19, otherwise known as the coronavirus, is an infectious illness that has affected the lives of billions worldwide. With the ...
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/ Covid-19, Medicine

Immortal Cells

Henrietta Lacks lived a pretty normal life during the early 20th century but that changed in 1951 when she was ...
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/ Immortal Cells, Medicine, Telomeres

Smell, taste and your brain: How are they linked together?

The official term olfactory memory refers to the sense of smell triggering vivid memories. Have you ever wondered why this ...
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/ Brain, Medicine, Senses

Raw Milk: Jackpot or Russian Roulette?

Raw milk has received much attention for its supposed health benefits, but should you drink raw milk when weighing up ...
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/ Bacteria, Medicine, Milk

Oil Pulling: The New Mouthwash?

Our oral health is known to be the gateway to our general health; helping to recognise yet also reduce the ...
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/ Medicine, Oral Health

The Science Behind the Placebo Effect

Placebo – I shall please. The placebo effect is a widely known medical phenomenon used in modern medicine to test ...
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/ Medicine, Placebo

Social prescribing: Is community the best medicine?

The effects of social prescribing and the importance of communal support in addressing social determinants of health are explored. In ...
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/ Community, Medicine

How Racial Inequality Led To A Mistrust of The Healthcare System

"Medical mistrust is significantly contributing to delays in African American men utilising the health care system," but who is to ...
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/ Medicine, Racial Justice

The perception of pain in the teenage brain | Natural mechanisms of limiting pain perception

What is more painful? The agonizing 8 hours of childbirth or the excruciating 8 minutes of being kicked in the ...
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/ Brain, Medicine, Pain

Can Wearables Help Cure Skin Cancer?

Melanoma has been treated painfully and ineffectively up to now, but a new, better treatment for this disease has been ...
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/ Cancer, Medicine

Memories: Why we forget and remember

Memories allow us to remember, by storing data within the brain and retrieving that information when needed. It is essential ...
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/ Brain, Medicine

Multivitamin Supplements: Are they really the key to better health?

Multivitamin/mineral supplements contain different vitamins, minerals and sometimes other ingredients,1 and can be taken alongside a normal diet with the ...
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/ Medicine, Nutrition

The Scio Clinic – renewing the knee

The musculoskeletal system is one of our core systems that allows humans to survive. Although not as flashy as the ...
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Blood Plasma: A cure to aging?

Aging has always been of great importance to humans. We, as a species, have tried our best, especially in the ...
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/ Aging, Blood, Medicine

Artificial Blood: Searching in Vein

Blood is the elixir of life. The essence of human functioning. A life-giving river flowing with the elements that humans ...
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/ Blood, Medicine, Nanotechnology

The ticking time bomb; Huntington’s disease

Huntington’s disease is a rare genetic illness that occurs in about one in every 15,000 people in the UK and ...
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How does Anaesthesia Actually Work?

Anaesthesia is a very unusual phenomenon which although incredibly useful in modern medicine, has not been understood very well up ...
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/ Anaesthesia, Medicine

MDMA – a cure for PTSD?

  PTSD (post traumatic stress disorder) is a psychiatric disorder that most frequently presents itself in those who have experienced ...
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/ Medicine

A Marvellous Microbiome

Our existence is a result of cells working together. Red blood cells transport O2 around the body. Sensory neurones send ...
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/ Bacteria, Immune System, Medicine

The Biochemical Terrorist Attacks of Aum Shinrikyo

Aleph/Aum Shinrikyo is a Japanese doomsday cult, whose original leaders have since been executed, responsible for one of the worst ...
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The phenomenon of Phantom Limb Syndrome

Often pain is from a tangible source, sometimes taking the form of a broken arm, angina, and even psychological distress ...
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/ Brain, Medicine, Phantom Limb

Behold Nanomedicine: An Era to Come and Conquer

Nanomedicine is a developing branch of medicine that applies the use of nanotechnology. The intricate nature of nanotechnology makes it ...
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The Scio Clinic – The human unicorn

Imagine you are a final year medical student - you've completed most of your rotations in surgery and in medical ...
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/ Medicine

How do our heartbeats affect our senses?

In recent studies over the last 5 years, it has become known that the heartbeat heavily affects our response to ...
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The Milwaukee protocol – a success or failure?

The Milwaukee protocol is a medical procedure for the treatment of rabies that was first developed in 2004, by a ...
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An Overview of Dementia with Lewy Bodies

In a country with an ageing population, dementia is a big challenge to the health care system. Currently, around 850,000 ...
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Hydroxychloroquine: What We Know

Hydroxychloroquine (HCQ) is an antimalarial/disease-modifying anti-rheumatic drug (DMARD) commonly used to treat conditions such as lupus and rheumatoid arthritis by ...
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/ Covid-19, Drugs, Medicine

Flavonoids: A Disease Fighter in our Fruits?

What are flavonoids? Flavonoids are a specific group of phytonutrients, or plant chemicals, which exist in most fruits and vegetables ...
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/ Medicine, Nutrition

Pain: The key diagnosis to problems within the body

People feel pain when exposed to a damaging stimulus, allowing the individual to respond so that this pain goes away ...
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/ Medicine, Pain

The Limbic System – Creator of Emotion

The limbic system, also known as the paleo mammalian cortex, is a compound system in the brain consisting of several ...
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/ Medicine

Forget Coffee, Just Drink Boiling Water

Obesity is rapidly becoming one of the foremost contemporary health concerns in the UK. In the 80s only 6% of ...
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/ Diabetes, Hormones, Medicine

The rise of allergies: a side effect of modernisation?

The rise of people with food allergies can be seen as quite paradoxical in today’s society- the increase in sanitation ...
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/ Allergies, Medicine

Can’t Sleep?

How and why does insomnia affect the mind? Have you ever stopped to consider what happens in our bodies as ...
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/ Covid-19, Medicine, Sleep

Psychosomatic disorders: Disharmony between the Mind and Body

‘Psychosomatic illnesses’ is a term popularly used when referring to malingering illnesses, or illnesses without an apparent physical basis, leading ...
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Telomeres: Nature’s Secret Weapon

Deoxyribonucleic acid, more commonly referred to as DNA, acts as the blueprint for life - it houses all the instructions ...
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When the immune system is too incredible

One of our previous articles on the immune system gave an incredibly detailed description of the immune system's successes. However, ...
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/ Immune System, Medicine, Top Picks

What is the future of hospitals?

With the strain on hospitals in the UK, and a growing dissatisfaction with the quality of healthcare provided by hospitals ...
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/ Hospitals, Medicine

Group A Strep: the Flesh-Eating Bacteria Living in our Throats

Group A Streptococcus is a gram positive bacterium that resides in our nose, throat and skin. It can cause a ...
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/ Death, Medicine, Top Picks

‘A new hope’- Recent medical breakthroughs that have changed the world

Money, a resource which some would say is a necessity. We are told that earning money is the sole purpose ...
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Germ Theory: A Medical Masterpiece

Modern medicine has contributed to many revolutions that changed the world. Over time, global life expectancy has risen, and quality ...
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/ Germs, Medical History, Medicine

Our bodies after death: the side we don’t see

Death, or passing away, is defined as 'the cessation of all vital functions of the body, including the heartbeat.' [1] ...
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/ Death, Medicine

The Digestive System: Breaking down the Basics

As humans, we are constantly gaining the necessary nutrients and energy from the things we consume, food. The digestive system ...
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The Future of Bandages

Blood, made up of the vital components that underpin every reaction in the body, is always flowing through our vessels ...
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/ Blood, Medicine

Welcome to the Post-Antibiotic Era

Penicillin was isolated and discovered largely by accident in 1928. But the nascent study of penicillin and, more broadly, antibiotics ...
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/ Bacteria, Covid-19, Medicine

The Respiratory System and COVID-19

We, as humans, need oxygen so that we can respire and produce the energy that we need for everything that ...
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The Lymphatic System – An Unsung Hero of Our Bodies

Many people think that the lymphatic system serves as a ‘secondary’ or ‘back up’ to the blood. Yet when we ...
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/ Lymphatic System, Medicine

Mysteries of the Mind: Who Knows?

The human brain is a truly remarkable thing: far more complex than any computer, filled with layer upon layer of ...
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/ Brain, Law, Medicine

Why are Antioxidants considered Superfoods?

It is a very common practice for food manufacturers to slap on the ‘rich in antioxidants’ label onto their products ...
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/ Medicine, Nutrition

The Incredible Immune System

There have been many great wars over the years, which have resulted in millions of deaths. But did you know ...
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The Blood-Brain Barrier – a Double Edged Sword?

The blood-brain barrier - a pathological marvel - is a highly selective complex surrounding the brain. It is a phenomenon ...
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/ Blood, Brain, Medicine

The Autonomic Nervous System – the stressed part, the relaxed part and stopping fear through ‘shock’

The autonomic nervous system is perhaps a system known all too well by medical students (having spent hours learning the ...
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Why the USA has the most Covid-19 cases globally

As of date, the USA has 1.21 million Covid-19 cases, the most in the world. This is about 800,000 more ...
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/ Covid-19, Medicine

The ‘extreme male brain’ theory of Asperger’s

To what extent is Asperger’s syndrome an ‘extreme male brain’? Asperger’s syndrome is a condition on the Autistic spectrum, characterised ...
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/ Autism, Behaviour, Hormones, Medicine

Apoptosis: How we die 300 million times every minute – And still survive

When human babies are born, they weigh on average a mere 3.3kg, yet over the course of a lifetime, grow ...
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/ Cancer, Death, Immune System, Medicine

Stem Cells and the Battle Against Neurological Diseases

Stem cells hold the ability to develop into various other cells. They replace cells present within the body, as each ...
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Angiogenesis: Miraculous Growth

Angiogenesis occurs as a result of cells sensing local levels of oxygen, and determining them as being lower than the ...
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Peto’s Paradox: Can Cancer Get Cancer?

Around 100 billion cells are created each day in the human body, and a mutation occurs in around 1 in ...
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/ Animals, Cancer, DNA, Evolution, Medicine, Mutation

Malaria: Defence against the Dark Arts

Alexander the Great. Genghis Khan. George Washington. Three figures that once held great influence over the masses and have held ...
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/ CRISPR, Malaria, Medicine